Earliest Hebrew writing

Time to rethink when Bible was written

An inscription, written in ink on a pottery shard, found about 18 miles from Jerusalem, is believed to be the earliest example of Hebrew writing. Carbon dating places it in the 10th century BC (1,000 years older than the Dead Sea scrolls).

(Gershon Galil, University of Haifa) deciphered an inscription on a pottery shard discovered in the Elah valley dating from the 10th century BCE (the period of King David's reign), making it what is believed to be the earliest known Hebrew writing. Science Daily

What did it say?

English translation of the deciphered text:

  • you shall not do [it], but worship the [Lord].
  • Judge the sla[ve] and the wid[ow] / Judge the orph[an]
  • [and] the stranger. [Pl]ead for the infant / plead for the po[or and]
  • the widow. Rehabilitate [the poor] at the hands of the king.
  • Protect the po[or and] the slave / [supp]ort the stranger.

Your Comments, Thoughts, Questions, Ideas

J. Parkinson's picture
J. Parkinson says:

A good contribution. Perhaps in time we may find that Moses invented the Hebrew/Canaanite alphabet half a millennium earlier still.

posted on Tue, 01/19/2010 - 6:27pm
theloveprophet's picture
theloveprophet says:

It's unfortunate that PaleoHebrew changed into the text that the Masoretes invented in the 7th century... It sucks to have no idea what this says...

posted on Thu, 03/18/2010 - 1:18pm
Callie's picture
Callie says:

I really like the new exhibit. My favorite fact is the longest scroll was 27 feet. The shortest scroll was the size of your fingertip. My family and I also liked the titanic. Ifound it quite entertaining coming to the museum.

posted on Mon, 03/29/2010 - 11:02am
scarlet's picture
scarlet says:

Awesome its cool to read about the Bible this way

posted on Mon, 05/24/2010 - 11:40am
micah swanson's picture
micah swanson says:

the things you say about the dead sea scrolls inspire me to visit juda and jerusalem. my mom [elain] has visited juda.

posted on Tue, 06/08/2010 - 7:31pm
Amelia's picture
Amelia says:

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posted on Sat, 06/12/2010 - 11:32am
Freddrick's picture
Freddrick says:

It's awsome to have experience the Dead Sea Scroll in person rather than in a class!

posted on Sat, 07/03/2010 - 11:21am
Jesus's picture
Jesus says:

it was so fun to learn about all of the things that they found in the caves!!!!

posted on Thu, 08/05/2010 - 5:11pm
Anonymous's picture
Anonymous says:

I love the Dead Sea Scrolls! I read everything. I wish I saw the Titanic. I wonder what the next thingis?

posted on Wed, 08/18/2010 - 6:59pm
Anonymous's picture
Anonymous says:

Is there an english translation of the text of the dead sea scrolls that have already been deciphered? If so, where is it available?

posted on Sat, 08/28/2010 - 5:39pm
ARTiFactor's picture
ARTiFactor says:

I found a website with English translations of the text of the dead sea scrolls (click on the red link)
Amazon has a paperback titled "The Complete Dead Sea Scrolls in English" and also in Kindle e-book format.

posted on Mon, 08/30/2010 - 7:36pm
Nobody's picture
Nobody says:

I thought it was great to learn about theses artifacts that they found in the caves

posted on Sat, 09/18/2010 - 2:10pm
Anonymous's picture
Anonymous says:

This is very interesting. I am currently taking a class at St. Catherine University where we uncover the stories of the Bible. (Story or event?) It has taught me a lot and so has this article!!

posted on Thu, 10/14/2010 - 5:00pm

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