Moore's Law breakthrough.

Moore's law: Doubles every 2 years

Silicon Valley has reached the limit for using silicon dioxide in computer chips. To shrink microprocessors to the 45 nanometer scale, Intel is using a high-K hafnium dielectric material and a secret mixture of metals that allow twice as many transistors to fit in the same space. Moore's Law states that the number of transistors in a microprocessor will double every two years.

How small can we go?

Four hundred of Intel's 45nm transistors could fit on the surface of a single human red blood cell. The period in this sentence could hold two thousand. Intel will release its new family of processors named Penryn this year. Their quad-core chip will contain 800 million transistors.

Want to learn more?

Intel press release
Intel 45nm Transistor fun facts (PDF 39KB)
Video explaination of 45nm production

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