Oneota Pottery

Woodland Pottery Fragment
Woodland Pottery FragmentCourtesy Sheffield Site Facebook page
The Oneota and the Woodland traditions have different pottery and different ways of making pottery. The Oneota used ground up shells as a tempering agent, allowing them to make pots that were thinner than the Woodland pottery. Tempering is adding ingredients to clay to reduce the likelihood of cracking when the clay is fired. The Woodland tradition had thicker pots because the tempering agents they used (rocks and stones, known as grit tempering) did not allow for thinner walls; the pots would break when they were fired if they had thin walls and grit temper.

Another distinctive sign that the pottery belonged to the Oneota tradition was the decorations on the shoulders (just below the thinner part) of the pot. Oneota decorations were usually star-shaped.
Written by Bilir and Elias

Your Comments, Thoughts, Questions, Ideas

Laurie's picture
Laurie says:

Let us know if you find either type of pottery while at the Sheffield Site!

posted on Tue, 08/20/2013 - 9:04am
kayscElias's picture
kayscElias says:

We think we found both types, but we'll know for sure once the cataloging is done.

posted on Fri, 10/04/2013 - 6:14pm

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