Stories tagged peregrines

The first two of Belinda's five eggs hatched early this morning. (Belinda is the resident peregrine falcon in the nest box at the King power plant in Bayport, MN.)

Chicks 1 and 2: Baby peregrines are helpless at first, and are cared for by both parents. But they grow at an astonishing rate, and should be ready to leave the nest for the first time by the end of June or the beginning of July.
Chicks 1 and 2: Baby peregrines are helpless at first, and are cared for by both parents. But they grow at an astonishing rate, and should be ready to leave the nest for the first time by the end of June or the beginning of July.Courtesy Xcel Energy/Raptor Resource Project

The other eggs, if they hatch at all, should follow in the next few days.

For more on peregrine falcons, visit our 2011 peregrine cam page.

Hatch today?

by Liza on May. 19th, 2011

Well, it's May 19, the estimated hatch date for the peregrine falcon chicks in the nest box at the King power plant in Bayport. Haven't seen any chicks yet, but Belinda's made a little moat of pebbles around the eggs -- the folks on the Raptor Resource forum say that's something she always does right before hatching. Stay tuned...

We have a chick!

by Liza on May. 14th, 2010

Yummy: The first-hatched Sherco chick of 2010 enjoys a little breakfast.
Yummy: The first-hatched Sherco chick of 2010 enjoys a little breakfast.Courtesy Raptor Resources/Xcel Energy
Almost out: We should see two more chicks make their debut appearance any time now.
Almost out: We should see two more chicks make their debut appearance any time now.Courtesy Raptor Resources/Xcel Energy
The first of the eggs out at the Sherco nest box has hatched, and it looks like two others are well on their way.

Jun
01
2007

Big surprise! Sometime between Tuesday and yesterday, the fourth egg hatched. (This youngest bird hatched out of the first egg laid, and we didn't have high hopes for it.)

The whole brood: This shot, captured yesterday, shows Athena and all her chicks.
The whole brood: This shot, captured yesterday, shows Athena and all her chicks.

Dinner time...: Keeping these guys fed is a full-time job.
Dinner time...: Keeping these guys fed is a full-time job.

The young birds will grow fast, and will fledge--leave their nest--sometime in mid July. They'll stay with their parents for about two months afterward, learning to hunt. First the parents catch prey and the young birds learn to snatch it from them in mid-air. When they get good at that, the chicks start learning to hunt on their own.

Here's the sobering truth, though: On average, only two juveniles successfully fledge per nest. And the first year is dangerous. But a peregrine that survives the first year has a good shot at a long life. Some birds have even lived to be 18-20, but that's not typical. An average lifespan is more likely somewhere between 2 and 8 years.

New pictures appear every few minutes on the High Bridge Falcon Cam daily photos site.

Here are earlier 2007 falcon updates, as well as the story of the 2006 season. Or learn more about peregrines, and get to know Athena.

Visitors to the museum get to name falcon chicks. Right now, we're taking name suggestions. Later on, we'll turn those into a visitor poll, and the names with the most votes will go to the chicks.

Apr
06
2005

In 1989, a Northern States Power (now Xcel Energy) employee spotted a peregrine falcon hanging out around the stack of the Allen S. King Plant in Bayport, Minnesota. The company installed a nest box, which quickly became home to a falcon named Mae.

The nest box was a success, and the power company decided to provide nest boxes at nearly all of its Minnesota power plants, including the High Bridge Plant. (You can see the High Bridge Plant, about a mile upstream from the museum, from the windows of the Mississippi River Gallery on Level 5.)

This year, the High Bridge Plant nest box is home to falcons named Athena and Smoke. They appeared at the nest box for the first time this year on February 3rd. And Athena laid eggs on March 28, March 30, April 2, and April 5. Want to see what they're doing right now? Click here. (You can also watch the falcons on a big video screen in the Mississippi River Gallery.)

Check out these pictures of the nest box over the last 24 hours.

Why the nest boxes?
Peregrines once were found throughout North America, favoring rocky perches along coasts, rivers, and lakes. They prefer these areas because the open water makes it difficult for birds to find cover from a diving peregrine.

Peregrine populations plummeted in the 1950s and 1960s. The pesticide DDT thinned the eggshells of falcons and many other bird species to become so much that adults crushed the eggs while incubating them. By 1968, only about 39 nesting pairs remained in the entire United States. DDT was banned in the U.S. in 1972, and as DDT levels decreased in the environment, peregrine populations started to rebound.

But peregrines needed assistance to fully recover. In 1989, the Allen S. King Plant on the St. Croix River in Bayport, Minnesota, became the first power plant in the U.S. to provide a nest box for peregrines. Power plant nest boxes are largely responsible for returning the peregrine falcon to its rightful place on the bluffs of the Mississippi River.

Over 2000 pairs of peregrines are now nesting in North America. Because of this spectacular recovery, the peregrine has been taken off the federal government's endangered species list. Peregrines are now beginning to expand from power plant nest boxes to their former nesting habitats of cliffs and bluffs.

Between 1989 and 2000, 114 young peregrines have fledged from nest boxes located on the stacks of seven Xcel Energy power plants. Nest boxes exist on the stacks of other power companies as well as on a few commercial office buildings.

What can we expect to see at the nest box in the next few months?
Female peregrines usually lay three to five eggs in early spring. The male and female share the 33-day incubation duties, which include turning the eggs regularly. (We expect to see baby peregrines sometime between May 4th and May 10th!)

At hatching, baby peregrines are covered with white down, weigh about two ounces, and have a small bump on their beaks. This "egg tooth" helps them break out of their shells. It disappears as the chicks mature.

Feathers replace down in three to five weeks. Young falcons are banded for identification and study when they are about 20 days old. Juveniles leave the nest (fledge) when they are about 45 days old. Sixty percent of peregrines die during their first year of life. After that, the annual mortality rate is around twenty percent. And peregrines can live for 12-15 years.

Peregrines pick their mates for life when they're about three years old, and the pairs stay together even when they're not breeding. They establish a nest site at the center of a thirty-plus-mile home range. They will defend their nests from intruders and want no peregrine neighbors closer than three miles from their home.

What do we know about the High Bridge falcons?
FEMALE: Athena
Band #: 01/D
She hatched in 2003 from the Firstar Bank in Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
If she stays, 2005 will mark her first year here.

MALE: Smoke
Band #: *3/*1
He hatched in 1998 from the King Plant in Oak Park Heights.
One of Mae's chicks, Smoke was one of the first two falcon chicks to "grow up" on-line. Smoke's brother Prescott has nested at the Red Wing grain elevator since 2001.
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